Thursday, February 13, 2020

Wassily Kandinsky

Templeton Elementary School Art Literacy Program 

Wassily Kandinsky Bio 

Wassily Kandinsky was a Russian artist who lived from 1866 to 1944. He went to art school when he was young, then studied law and became a successful lawyer. He didn’t start to be an artist until he was 30 years old. Show figure 1, self portrait.

Blue Painting

 Some people think of Kandinsky as the first Abstract artist. Abstract art is art that does not look like something does in the real world. The colors may be different, or the shape of something may be changed. If art is completely abstract, it doesn’t really look like anything you can identify. It might be a group of shapes put together in a harmonious pattern. It can be anything. Kandinsky’s early work is still representational, which means it is showing, or representing, something that you can look at and identify. The longer he worked, the more abstract his work became, until his later art was mostly interesting compositions of colorful shapes.
                                         Odessa Port 1898                                            

 Couple Riding, 1906

Show figure 2 These are some early paintings by Kandinsky. He uses bright colors, and he doesn’t use too much realistic detail, but the figures still look quite realistic.

 Church of St. Ursula 1908      

 Street in Murnau, 1908

 Murnau Train and Castle, 1909

Winter Landscape, 1909

Show figure 3 These are paintings that Kandinsky made as he was starting to make his work more abstract. You can still see what the painting is - you can recognize the buildings and trees - but the shapes and colors are not realistic anymore.

 Several Circles, 1926

 On White II, 1923

 Soft Hard, 1927

 Composition 10, 1939

Squares with Concentric Circles, 1913

Show figure 4 These are some of Kandinsky’s later works that show how his paintings became completely abstract. When you look at one of them for awhile you might start to see that it looks like something to you – like maybe the colored circles look like planets – but that is just what is in the mind of a person who is looking at it. Everyone might see something different. There isn’t anything in the picture that you can point at and say, “It’s a tree”, or “It’s a person.”

Kandinsky developed a lot of ideas about how shapes relate to each other, and how colors are like notes in music. Each artist has a very different vision of how composition works, and in art, there is never really a “right” and a “wrong” way of doing it. So when you create your own abstract designs, the balance of the composition just has to feel right to you.

Today we will be making colorful abstract monoprints. Usually when an artist makes prints, they make several copies of the same print, but a Monoprint is a print that the artist only makes one of.

Templeton Elementary School Art Literacy Program
Wassily Kandinsky Monoprint Project

This project will be easier if there is a second adult to help.  All the kids will have to take turns inking and printing their artwork, and there needs to be help and supervision. The ink is water based and washes off hands with water.  But it may get messy.

Getting ready

Check the Art Lit cart for the supplies you will need.  The presentation folders and the tools should all be kept on the carts.  You will need to take a stack of paper sheets and a bag of foam sheets from the counter.  

These are the supplies you will need:

Presentation folder and art samples
Box of small jars of printing ink (12 colors, 2 of each color)
24 paint brushes
Bucket and sponges for clean up (please use paper towels from the room you are in.)
1 printing press with a felt pad (please keep it in the box when not in use)
Bag of ballpoint pens
2 plastic trash bags to use as table covers
A pencil to write names on prints

Take from the supply cart (the third cart – it stays put)  in the storage room: 
1 plastic bag of foam sheets
1 stack of paper (around 90 sheets)

If you are going to a classroom, take an old drying rack.    If dry prints are left on the drying rack, please put them into a folder.  The person before you should have set a folder with their teacher’s name by their class’s work so we can tell where it goes.

In the classroom, set up 2 tables or sets of desks as the area for inking.  Each inking area should have one jar each of the 12 colors, and a paint brush in each.  If you set them on a plastic trash bag it may help control the mess a little.  Ideally, 4 to 6 kids should be able to use each inking area at once, sharing the inks.  Set up the press in a spot close by.   Put the stack of paper and the pencil by the press.
Each student starts out with just a ballpoint pen.  Don’t hand out the foam until you have talked to the kids and they are ready for it. (The foam is easy to break, and we do not have extra for fiddly hands.)

The Project

(Things you might want to say to the kids are in purple.)  Try to think of questions to ask the kids as you go along.   Present Kandinsky’s work to the kids, then show them the samples of our project.  Put the page of abstract Kandinsky work on the docucam.

Today we are going to make relief prints.   “Relief” means a surface that has a design cut into it.  We are going to use thin sheets of foam as our printing plates.  You will draw your design on the foam with ballpoint pens, and the pens will press a line into the foam.  The places you draw lines will come out white, because the printing ink doesn’t go into the lines, and the places you don’t make marks on will come out with color.  The picture will also come out in reverse.
After you have drawn your picture, you will come over to the inking area to color them.  After your picture is colored, you will bring it to the printing press to make it into a picture.

Step 1 – Drawing the design  

 Hand out the foam sheets.  

The foam is not very strong, so don’t bend it or tear it, because it will break.  You could still print a torn one, but it will be better if it’s in one piece.  We are going to think about the abstract designs Kandinsky liked to paint.  Try to make a picture that is abstract.  You need to draw carefully, because your lines need to indent into the foam to make a print, but if you press too hard it can tear.

Step 2 – Coloring the foam print plate   

When the kids have their pictures indented into their foam sheets, bring groups of them to color their designs at the inking tables.  

Make sure to tell them: 

The printing ink is very sticky, so you need to scrape the brush off on the edge of the ink jar.  You only want a very thin layer of ink on your print.  Globs will not work and will make a mess on your print.     ALSO  -  make sure you put the brush back in the same container it came from.  Take turns with the colors and don’t put a brush back in a different color!  We don’t want the colors to get dirty and muddy from other colors getting into them.
Please try to supervise so we don’t waste ink, and so the colors don’t get too muddied.  The classes that do the project after you are depending on you.

Step 3 – Printing the colored plate on the press - 


Please supervise and don’t let the press be too close to the edge of a table.  Last year one press was bent somehow – probably from being knocked onto the floor – and it is harder to use now.  Also notice that the paper has to be positioned along one edge of the press to be under the part that presses down. 

When the picture is inked, bring it to the press.  Put a piece of paper onto the press, then carefully lay your inked picture upside down on the paper.  Try to get it centered.  Don’t move it around once it is on the paper, or you will get a smudged print.  Now lay the felt pad on top of the foam sheet, and press the print.  Watch out for your fingers.  Press the handle down firmly, but not too hard.  You don’t have to put all your weight on it.  We don’t want to break the press.