Tuesday, January 9, 2018

Henri Matisse

Henri Matisse
(Calendar is at bottom of post)


Henri Matisse was born in 1869 in France.  He was going to be a lawyer, but then became ill.  While he was recovering, his mother bought him a box of paints to keep him entertained – and he was hooked.  As soon as he was well again, he gave up law and trained to be an artist.



Henri Matisse became famous for his paintings. But when he was too ill to stand up at an easel and paint, he began to create scenes with shapes cut out of paper.  He called this “drawing with scissors.” but is usually known as collage.












Henri Matisse Bio Presentation
For grades K to 1
Art vocabulary words:  Composition, Abstract

Henri Matisse was a French artist a long time ago.  He didn’t know he wanted to be an artist until he was 21 and his mother gave him a painting set.  Then he knew it was all he wanted to do.  Matisse painted with bright colors, and his work got more and more abstract as he got older.  Abstract means he takes  the subject he wants to paint - like a person, or a tree - and he strips away the details.  He uses just enough of the shape people will recognize so they will know what his subject is.  These are pictures Matisse painted of a goldfish bowl.  (Show pictures 1 and 2) 






Do the colors look real to you?  See how he can make the parts of the picture very simple, but we know what they are?

When he got older, Matisse made art by cutting out shapes from pieces of paper.  He called this “drawing with scissors”.   This is a picture of him working in his studio.  (Show picture 3)


He would arrange his cut outs on a board, or on a wall, and pin them in place, moving them around until he liked the way they looked.  The way you arrange the parts of a picture is called Composition.  Matisse liked working by pinning up his pieces of paper because he could easily move the colors and shapes around until he liked how they looked.  Sometimes he didn’t take the pieces down and glue them until he needed more wall space because he had filled up all his walls. 

Here are two collages Matisse made.  (show pictures 4 and 5) 




They are abstract, but I bet you can see some things in them that you recognize.  (Hopefully kids will talk.)


Today you are going to make an abstract collage of a goldfish bowl.




Matisse Goldfish Collage Project – 
for grades K to 1

Getting ready

Presenters, first thing, please sign onto the Art Lit cart sign-out sheet on the wall.  That way we know where the art carts are at any time.  Presenters should only be coming in at a time they have officially signed up for.  Next, please check the Art Lit cart for the supplies you will need.  The tools and the presentation folders should be on the cart, but you will need to take a package of paper from the box marked “K -1st project”.

Should be on cart

Presentation folder
Desk protector sheets (30)
Glue sticks (30)
Bag of pencils (30)  
Pencil sharpener
Scissors (30)

Take from counter
1 package of papers, containing:
30 sheets of blue paper
30 sheets of white tissue
30 black rectangles
90 small red and orange papers
Bag of pre-cut green leaves

In the classroom, set up the kids’ places for them.  Each student starts out with a desk cover sheet, a sheet of blue paper for their background, a black rectangle of paper, a piece of white tissue paper, a pencil, a pair of scissors, and a glue stick.  Also give each child 3 red and orange bits of paper (one of each color), 3 green tissue leaves and about 7 dark green pointed leaf shapes.

The Project

(Things you might want to say to the kids are in purple.)  Try to think of questions to ask the kids as you go along.   Present the artist to the kids and show his work.  Then show them the sample of our project.  Keep Matisse’s Goldfish paintings out where they can see them.  Have the kids start by writing their names AND their teacher’s name in pencil on the back of their paper. 



Introduction

Today we are going to make a collage in the style of Matisse, using his technique of Painting with Scissors.  The theme of the collage will be a goldfish bowl.  This will work best if you make a project along with the kids as they do, showing them each step in the process.

Step 1: Put a tabletop in your picture.
Put your blue paper in front of you in the tall direction.  Glue your black rectangle onto the lower part of your blue paper.  This will be the table that your goldfish bowl sits on.

Step 2:  Put leaves in your background
Matisse liked to draw plants around his goldfish bowls, so we are going to use green paper to make leaves around our own goldfish bowls.  Take your green leaf shapes and glue them above your tabletop.  They can be near the edges of the paper.  They will look like plants growing behind your goldfish bowl when you are finished.

Step 3: Put your goldfish bowl in your picture
Take your sheet of white tissue paper.  Carefully use your glue stick to put some stripes of glue on the back.  Be careful not to tear it, because tissue paper is very thin.  Then glue it down with the curved side at the bottom, sitting on your tabletop.  It’s okay if it is in front of some of the green leaves.

Step 4:  Draw and cut out your goldfish
Matisse liked to use bright colors that stood out from each other.  We are going to use bright red and orange paper to make our goldfish.  Take your pencil and draw three simple goldfish shapes on the pieces of red and orange paper.  Just draw the outlines, no details.  Use one piece of paper for each fish.  Make them big so they will show up in your picture.  After you have drawn the fish, cut them out. 

Step 5:  Arrange your goldfish in the bowl and glue them
Take your three goldfish and put them in your fishbowl.  Move them around until they look good to you.  Can you make them look like they are swimming?  You can overlap two of your fish a little bit to show they are in front of one another if you like.  When you are happy with where they are, glue them down.

Step 6:  If you like, take out a black crayon or marker and draw eyes on your goldfish.



Examples






Afterwards

Please count the items before you leave the room (scissors, glue sticks and pencils), and ask kids to look for missing items.  PLEASE SAVE ALL UNUSED PAPER AND LARGE SCRAPS FOR RE-USE.  Put them into the box in the library.  
Once the projects are dry, they can go into the folder with your teacher’s name on it.  Folders will be on the counter.  We may need the artwork for display during the year, so we don’t want to leave it in teachers’ rooms, because they may send it home.  We will get all the kids’ artwork back to their teachers before the end of the year to go home with them.





Henri Matisse Bio Presentation
For grades 2 to 5
Art vocabulary words:  Composition, Abstract, Reduce, Organic

Henri Matisse was born in northern France in 1869.  He studied law in Paris, but he didn’t enjoy the job.  When he was 21, Matisse had surgery for appendicitis, and he was so bored while he recovered, his mother gave him painting supplies. He later said, “From the moment I held the box of colors in my hands, I knew this was my life.”

Matisse returned to Paris to study art. He was inspired by other artists such as Cezanne and Van Gogh. He admired their use of bold color and brushwork and used their techniques in his own paintings.  At that time it was unusual for artists to use bright colors and abstract shapes that did not look natural, and art critics called the artists who did this “Les Fauves” (pronounced “lay fove”) , which is French for wild beasts.  Matisse’s artwork became more abstract as time went on, filled with bright colors and swirling shapes.  This is Matisse’s painting called “Woman with a Hat”. (show picture 1)


Matisse traveled a lot.  He liked the bright sunny light and colors he saw in the south of France and in Morocco, and he used those same bright colors in his work.  He admired the relaxed Moroccan lifestyle, and Matisse said he wanted his art to be "a soothing, calming influence on the mind, rather like a good armchair."  He liked the idea of spending time staring at a goldfish bowl, and he painted quite a few goldfish bowls.  (Show pictures 2 and 3)

 


When he got older, Matisse made art by cutting out shapes from large pieces of paper painted in flat colors.  He called this method “drawing with scissors”.   This is a picture of him working in his studio.  (Show picture 4)


He would arrange his cut outs on a board, or on a wall, and pin them in place, moving them around until he liked the way they looked.  The way you balance a picture by choosing where to put the different parts of it, and how you balance the colors and shapes, is called Composition.  Matisse liked working by pinning up his pieces of paper because he could easily move the colors and shapes around until he felt like the balance was perfect.  Sometimes he didn’t take the pieces down and glue them until he needed more wall space because he had filled up all his walls. 

Look at this collage by Matisse.  It is called “The sadness of the king”.  (Show picture 5.) 


This is an abstract artwork.  What do you see happening?  (If they don’t notice, point out the man drumming, the guitar player, and the woman dancing.) 

In abstract art, the artist takes away all the extra detail from a subject, and shows it in a very simple form.  This is called Reducing the subject.  This picture (show picture 6)



is very simplified, but you can still tell what it is, can’t you?

These are some of Matisse’s collages.  (Show pictures 7, 8, 9, 10) 




  Look at the way Matisse composed his collages.  He used blocks of color as a background, then he put abstract shapes on top.  He used a lot of black and white.   Look at the shapes he used.  What do they look like to you?  They are organic shapes.  They are shapes you would find in nature, not things made by people.

This collage is called “Beasts of the Sea” (#7)


Can you see anything in it that reminds you of the ocean?  Our project today will be to make a collage about the ocean too, in the style of Henri Matisse.




Matisse Ocean Collage Project – 
for grades 2 to 5

Getting ready

Presenters, first thing, please sign onto the Art Lit cart sign-out sheet on the wall.  That way we know where the art carts are at any time.  Presenters should only be coming in at a time they have officially signed up for.  Next, please check the Art Lit cart for the supplies you will need.  The presentation folders and the tools should all be kept on the carts.  You will need to take a package of paper from the box on the counter marked “2nd to 5th project”.  These are the supplies you will need:

On the cart:
Presentation folder
Desk protector sheets (30)
Glue sticks (30)
Bag of pencils (30)
Pencil sharpener (1)
Scissors (30)

From the counter:
Bag of paper, containing:
30 sheets of heavy white paper
1 bundle of colored paper rectangles
A stack of white paper scraps
Other colored paper scraps



In the classroom, set up the kids’ places for them.  Each student starts out with a desk cover sheet, a sheet of heavy white paper, a pencil, a pair of scissors, and a glue stick.  You will need to portion out all the colored paper rectangles fairly evenly.  The easiest way to do this is to count how many table groups you have, then deal out the stack of rectangles into that many piles.  That should give every group about the same number of each color.  Put a pile of colored rectangles in the center of each table group.  Divide up the white paper and other colored scraps as best you can so all the groups have white and a good variety of colors.  If your classroom has any students who sit alone, make sure they each get at least 6 different rectangles and some white to use. 

The Project

(Things you might want to say to the kids are in purple.)  Try to think of questions to ask the kids as you go along.   Present the artist to the kids and show his work.  Then show them the samples of our project.  Put the Matisse collage samples where the kids can see them.  Have the kids start by writing their names AND their teacher’s name in pencil on the back of their paper. 

Introduction
Today we are going to make a collage in the style of Matisse, using his technique of Painting with Scissors.  The theme of the collage will be the ocean.  Think about what the subject of your art piece will be before you start.  Will it be the seashore?  Or the bottom of the sea?  It could be seabirds, or fish, waves or tide pools.  It can be anything that has to do with the sea. 

Step 1: Make your boldly colored background

 We will start by making a background for your picture with blocks of color.  First you will choose what colors you want to use.  Matisse liked to use bright colors that stood out from each other.  Bright colored tissue paper and black paper work well as backgrounds.  Choose three or four colored rectangles to use as background blocks, then try arranging them in different ways on your paper until you find the composition that you like best.  Composition means the way the parts of a picture are arranged. 
If you like, you can overlap the background colors, or leave the white showing in places, or cut the background blocks into different rectangular shapes.  When you are happy with the composition, glue your background papers down.

Step 2: Draw and cut out your shapes

 Now that you have a background, think about what sort of simple natural objects – organic shapes – you want to have in the picture.  You might use plants, rocks, animals, waves, sand, the current of the water, the wind.  You will need to draw your subject in a very simplified way.  No details.  You want to draw the outline of the subject so you can tell what it is just by the shape.  By doing this, you will be reducing the subject to an abstract form. 
Carefully choose which colors you want to use.  Matisse used a lot of white cut-outs in his collages, and he used a lot of black.  Black and white contrast well with the background colors.
Draw the shapes with pencil on the colors you want to use, then carefully cut them out.  Don’t waste the colored paper.  Try to cut out your shapes along the edge of the paper, so the rest of the piece can still be used again.
DON’T GLUE ANYTHING YET, WAIT UNTIL YOU HAVE ALL YOUR PIECES.

Step 3:  Compose your picture

When you have all your cut-outs made, Compose them on your paper to make a picture.  You can rearrange them until you like the way the colors and shapes balance on the page.  You can overlap the paper cut outs if you want to.  Matisse never glued his shapes down until he was completely satisfied with the composition. 


Step 4:  Glue your cut outs in place

When you are happy with your composition, start to glue the cut outs down with your glue stick.  Lift them up one at a time and glue them back down. 


Examples of Matisse Ocean Collage 




 



 Class Examples of Ocean Collages








Afterwards

Please count the items before you leave the room (scissors, glue sticks and pencils), and ask kids to look for missing items.    Ask the kids to pick up all the large or unused pieces of colored paper and return them to the bag.   PLEASE SAVE ALL UNUSED PAPER AND LARGE SCRAPS FOR RE-USE.  Put them into the box in the library.   Take all projects back to the Art Lit area, do not leave them in teachers’ rooms.  Once the projects are dry, they can go into the folder with your teacher’s name on it.  Folders will be on the counter. 

Thank you!                                                                                                               January 2018